BODY AND SOUL | The State of the Jewish Nation

Mark Kramer, PhD

Mark Kramer, PhD

Director, Cold War Studies Program, Harvard University

Mark Kramer is a Senior Fellow of Harvard's Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies.  He has taught at Harvard, Yale, and Brown Universities and was formerly an Academy Scholar in Harvard's Academy of International and Area Studies and a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University.

Kramer is the author of Crisis in Czechoslovakia, 1968: The Prague Spring and the Soviet InvasionSoldier and State in Poland: Civil-Military Relations and Institutional Change After Communism; and three forthcoming books, Crisis in the Communist World, 1956: De-Stalinization, the Soviet Union, and Upheavals in Poland and HungaryThe Collapse of the Soviet Union; Income Distribution and Social Transfer Policies in the Post-Communist Transition: Changing Patterns of Inequality and From Dominance to Hegemony to Collapse: Soviet Policy in East-Central Europe, 1945-1991, which, like his earlier books on the Soviet bloc, draws heavily on new archival sources from the former Communist world.

He also has written more than 150 articles on a variety of topics, including the Russian-Chechen wars, NATO and East European security, post-Communist economic reform in East-Central Europe, social policy in East-Central Europe, income distribution in East-Central Europe, civil-military relations in East-Central Europe, the global arms trade, utility deregulation in Russia, the Cuban missile crisis, the East German uprising of 1953, the 1956 crises in Hungary and Poland, the Soviet-Czechoslovak crisis of 1968, the 1980-81 Polish crisis, Sino-Soviet relations, the Soviet and post-Soviet armed forces, the structures of Soviet and post-Soviet foreign policy-making, nuclear proliferation, and international relations theory.  His article "Ideology and the Cold War" in the October 1999 issue of the Review of International Studies was awarded a prize by the British International Studies Association for the best article published in the field of international relations in 1999.

Kramer has worked extensively in newly opened archives in Russia, Germany, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, and several Western countries.  He has been a consultant for numerous government agencies and international organizations, including the U.S. State Department, the U.S. Defense Department, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, the U.S. Naval War College, the U.S. Agency for International Development, NATO's Directorate on Science and Technology, the World Bank, and the UN World Institute for Development Economic Research.

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